Fried Maps Strategy Prevailed Public Offering Pay Attention to Regional Theme Investment

“Fried Maps” Strategy Prevailed Public Offering Pay Attention to Regional Theme Investment

⊙ Reporter Wang Peng ○ Editor Wu Xiaojing re-merged and incorporated into the continuous development of domestic urban area development plans, and public funds began to pay attention to the investment value of regional themes.

At present, large fund companies have issued or reported a number of thematic investment funds focusing on Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, the Hangzhou Bay Area and the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area.

In addition, Huitianfu Fund has recently launched a theme ETF focusing on the integration of the Yangtze River Delta.

  Many members of the public believe that regional theme investment concept stocks may be significantly strengthened by policy stimulus in the short term, but the long-term performance of related theme investment funds is still in the improvement of regional economic development and corporate fundamentals.

  Funds actively deploy regional theme investment Expansion of regional theme investment funds is becoming one of the key directions for public funds.

  Following the launch of the GF CSI Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Cooperative Development Theme ETF and the South China CSI Hangzhou Bay Area ETF last year, E Fund and China Merchants Fund submitted the CSI Zhejiang New Kinetic Energy Trading Open Index Fund andApplication for CSI Zhejiang 100 Transaction Open Index Fund.

Since 深圳桑拿网 the release of the “Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area Development Planning Outline” in February this year, the fund company announced that the pace of ETF products in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area has accelerated significantly.

According to the data disclosed on the website of the Securities and Futures Commission, on May 16, Southern Fund, Huaxia Fund and GF Fund all applied for the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area Innovation 100ETF.

On May 15, CCB Fund and ICBC Credit Suisse Fund also reported CCB Shanghai-Hong Kong-Shenzhen-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area Development Theme ETF and ICBC Credit Suisse Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area Innovation 100 ETF.

  Since April, the concept of the integration of the Yangtze River Delta has been heating up, and the Huitianfu Fund issued an ETF on the theme of the integration of the Yangtze River Delta of the China Securities Exchange.

Foreign countries have also started to pay attention to the layout value of regional themes.

JP Morgan Asset Management Corporation announced on May 20 that the CSI Morgan Yangtze River Delta Strategic Index launched in cooperation with CSI Index Co., Ltd. will be officially released on June 10.

  According to statistics from Morgan Asset Management, as early as 2016, the resident population in the Yangtze River Delta region reached 2.

2 billion, regional GDP 19.

5 trillion yuan, accounting for 16% and 24% of the national total, respectively.

As of the end of 2018, the number of A-share listed companies in the Yangtze River Delta has exceeded 1,200, accounting for 34%.

The area includes major cities such as Shanghai, Nanjing and Hangzhou, as well as two free trade zones.

  Participants in the long-term investment value of regional theme funds said that the transition of regional development theme related policies can indeed stimulate the concept stocks to strengthen in a certain period of time.

For example, the day after the Outline of the Development Plan for the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area was released, the beneficiary stocks of Zhujiang Industrial, Yantian Port, Guangdong Hydropower and others all rose and stopped.

Since May, Jiaxing Silk, Wanjiang Logistics, Wuwu Biotech, and Jiangsu Jiaotongke and other Yangtze River Delta integration concept stocks have also clearly outperformed the market.

  However, from the perspective of long-term investment value, a fund manager in Shanghai believed that investors should pay more attention to whether the fundamentals of related listed companies will be better improved by the efforts of regional industrial policies rather than short-term themed hype.Opportunities for upgrading, performance improvement or asset consolidation.

  ”Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta and other regions have always been the leaders of China’s economic development. If the products are designed properly, the target can be optimized and the weights can be set reasonably, which will indeed bring good investment opportunities.

However, the long-term performance of a certain product will still affect the local economic development and the performance of the company.

“Xia Chun, chief research officer of Noah Wealth, said.

  Founder Fubon Fund Index Investment Department head Wu Hao said that the growth of the regional economy is more certain than the growth of one industry.

For investors, there is an opportunity to share the growth dividend of high-quality companies in developed regions through the allocation of regional index funds in the medium and long term.

  Some fund analysts have warned that the historical performance of existing regional theme investment funds is uneven, and some index funds have not even beat the performance benchmark.

Therefore, investors need to be clear when choosing a fund company to lay out such products based on real investment strategy choices, or just to cater to investor preferences. This factor may trigger similar performance differentiation in the future.

Sanqi Mutual Entertainment (002555) Annual Report Comment: High-speed Growth of Operating Income Self-Research + Operation Capability Appears

Sanqi Mutual Entertainment (002555) Annual Report Comment: High-speed Growth of Operating Income Self-Research + Operation Capability Appears

Event: The company released its 2018 annual report and 2019 first quarter report.

In 2018, the company achieved operating income of 76.

33 ppm, an increase of 23 per year.

33%, net profit 10.

09 billion, down 37 every year.

77%; net profit after excluding non-recurring gains and losses4.

75 ppm, a decrease of 54 per year.

70%; basic profit income is 0.

47 yuan; a cash dividend of 2 for every 10 shares.

00 yuan (including tax).

The company’s operating income for the first quarter of 2019 was 32.

47 million, an increase of 95 per year.

46%; Net profit 4.

54 ppm, an increase of 10 per year.

80%; net profit after excluding non-recurring gains and losses4.

1.7 billion, an increase of 6 every year.

41%; basic profit return is 0.

21 yuan.

Key points of investment: Subsidiary’s performance is not up to standard and accrual of goodwill impairment leads to a significant increase in net profit for 18 years.

As the subsidiary Shanghai Mojing Technology failed to meet its performance commitments, the impairment loss on goodwill was provided9.

60 mega-digit compensation section 4.

54 million US dollars was recognized as non-recurring gains and losses, as the amount of impairment significantly exceeded the performance compensation and the operating profit of Shanghai Mo Yan, which affected the net profit attributable to mothers by approximately 5.

US $ 0.6 billion, resulting in a significant increase in the company’s fourth quarter net profit.

At the 杭州桑拿网 same time, the company disposed of the shares of companies such as Shanghai Yuanyuan Culture and Shanghai Aurora Network in 2017 and confirmed after-tax investment income2.

00 ppm and no significant distribution gain in 18 years.

After exceeding the above impact, the company’s non-GAAP net profit increased by 6.


The proportion of mobile game operating income increased again, becoming the company’s main source of profit.

The company’s mobile games realized operating income of 55.

82 ppm, a 69-year increase of 69.

99%, gross profit 45.

180,000 yuan, an increase of 79 in ten years.

89%, accounting for 73% of operating income.

13%, an increase of 20 from 17 years.

07 averages.

Web games achieved operating income16.

46%, down 28 each year.

40%, gross profit 11.8.3 billion, down 23 annually.

00%; operating income accounts for 21.

56%, a decrease of 15 from 17 years.

59 averages.

The company has more than 5 products with monthly sales of over 100 million in 2018, with a maximum monthly flow of 9.

300 million US dollars, more than 1 new registered users.

100 million, with the highest monthly active users exceeding 20 million.

The company’s performance growth rate exceeds that of the industry and ranks among the top global game companies.

According to the “2018 China Game Industry Report”, the actual sales revenue of the domestic game market doubled in 20185.

3%, the actual sales revenue of mobile games increased by 15 per year.


The growth rate of the company’s overall operating income in the game business and the increase in operating income of the mobile game business exceeded the industry average.

At the same time, the company’s domestic mobile game business totaled 86.

USD 8.3 billion, an increase of more than 85% in one year, which is also higher than the industry level.

The company’s current market share in the domestic mobile game business has increased6.


According to the statistics of NEWZOO, the number of global listed game companies is 10.

US $ 9.1 billion (NEWZOO statistics) revenue ranks 22nd in the world, ranking up 3 places from 2017, second only to Tencent and NetEase among domestic game companies.

“Release + self-developed” walk on two legs.

Based on its ability to operate multi-category games, the company’s distribution strategy has been adjusted from the original relatively single “ARPG + SLG” to “multiple development”, and is well-known in China with Aurora Networks, Tencent, Netease, Perfect World, Century Huatong, etc.Game manufacturers cooperate in depth to complete a diversified industrial layout. The product matrix includes ARPG, MMO, card, SLG and other types, which can cover magic, western fantasy, oriental fantasy, adventure, cultivating fairy, two-dimensional, etc.

The company’s reserve items include 9 exclusive agency games including “Sword and Reincarnation”, “Pig and Dungeon”, “Fairy 2 (tentative name)” and “Super Ball (tentative name)”, “Codename YZD”, “Legend”, “Elf Festival” and other self-developed product self-research, since the launch of self-developed products in 2014, the company has switched to launching nearly 20 self-developed products.

In 2018, the company launched more than 10 self-developed mobile games. Among them, products such as “Continental” H5 and “Sword Passed to the World” achieved monthly sales of over 100 million.

During the product promotion period, the sales expense rate increased, and profits were under short-term pressure.

The company’s selling expenses in 2018 were 33.

47 ppm, an increase of 75 per year.

41%, accounting for 43 of operating income.

85%, an increase of 13 over 17 years.

02 units; selling expenses for the first quarter of 2019 were 21.

41 trillion, an increase of 299 per year.


The significant increase in selling expenses was mainly due to the promotion period of products such as “Ghost Wonder City”, “Angel Sword H5”, “Awakening of the Fairy” and “Breaking the Dragon”.The pressure of early high promotion costs on short-term profits is expected to gradually enter the mature stage of related products, which will have a positive effect on the company’s profits.

The management fee for 2018 was 2.

46 trillion, down 27 a year.

73%, the first is that the company incurred equity incentive expenses in 1 year.

100 million and no related costs incurred in 18 years; R & D costs increased by 23.

28% to 5.

37 ppm, mainly due to the increase in game research and development staff and budget growth.

The divestiture of auto parts business will help improve the company’s overall gross profit margin.

The company started in 2018.

The 19 trillion transaction consideration will transfer the 100% equity of Wuhu Rongshun Auto Parts Co., Ltd. held externally, and complete the industrial and commercial change registration on November 29, 2018.In the future, Rongshun Co., Ltd. will no longer separate the scope of the company’s consolidated statements.

As the gross profit margin of the auto parts business is far lower than the gross profit margin of the company’s gaming business, the auto parts business will help to increase the company’s overall gross profit margin and focus on the development of the gaming business.

Investment rating and profit forecast: In the cold winter of the game industry in 2018, when the industry’s growth rate changes, the company’s operating income has grown rapidly and exceeded the overall level of the industry. There are a number of products with monthly sales of more than 100 million yuan, showing the company’sStrength and rich experience, but in the short term, the company’s newly launched products still need to expand a large number of sales expenses for related promotion work, so the company’s profit margin will still be suppressed in the short term.

It is expected that the company’s EPS in 2019 and 2020 will be 0.

86 yuan and 1.

04 yuan, according to the closing price of 12 on April 29, 2019.

Calculated at 97 yuan, the corresponding PE is 15 respectively.

0 times and 12.

5 times.

Maintain the company’s “overweight” investment rating.

Risk warning: stricter policy supervision; product launch progress and market performance are less than expected; risk of core staff turnover

HiSec (002653): Performance slightly exceeds market expectation, ushering in 2020 harvest of innovative drugs

HiSec (002653): Performance slightly exceeds market expectation, ushering in 2020 harvest of innovative drugs

Event: On the evening of January 13, the company issued a 2019 annual performance forecast.

The company is expected to achieve net profit in 20195.


20 ppm, an increase of 50 in ten years.

05% -56.

05%; The increase in performance was mainly due to the continuous and steady growth in operating income and sales volume during the period.

Opinion: The company’s performance is slightly better than market expectations. Based on the median performance forecast, the company’s Q4 net profit is about 1.

24 ppm, a reduction of zero government subsidies received in the fourth quarter.

Net profit after 97 ppm (Industrial Development Support Fund allocated by Nanshan, Tibet) is zero.

27 ppm, if considering the 4th quarter distribution incentive expenses, the profit and loss impact of investment in Haibao Life, etc., the company’s actual operating profit contribution in the 4th quarter is expected to achieve a substantial increase over the same period last year.

Large products 苏州桑拿网 continued to increase in volume, and marketing capabilities were rapidly improved. High performance growth in 2020 is expected.

With reference to IQIVA data, we expect that the company’s exclusive product dorastron will achieve approximately 100% terminal sales growth in 2019, while the amino acid series and three-cavity bags and various oral preparations will also achieve high growth.

By 2020, the overall revenue growth rate is expected to be more than 25%. At the same time, the company’s self-employment ratio is continuing to increase, and sales costs have steadily decreased. The company’s profit growth rate in 2020 is still expected to be in revenue growth.

The blockbuster innovative drug cyclopofen is expected to be approved in 2020H1, and the domestic market has 3 billion market potential.

Cyclopentin independently developed by the company is the me-better and substitute of the most classic narcotic propofol. Cyclopofen is highly effective and safer than propofol. It is expected to cover all volume indications and adapt to aging microscopy.The disease has been reported to produce and has obtained the priority review qualification. The CDE was officially approved before the end point of the largest indication for acute attack (the lunar calendar). This indication plan is to directly implement phase 3 clinical trials in the United States in 2020, which is expected to become an innovative drug with world competitiveness;With reference to the consumption of propofol, at a penetration rate of 25%, we expect it to have a market potential of 3 billion in China.

The company’s innovative drug research and development pipeline is rich, and the long-term development space is broad.

The company’s innovative drugs are characterized by endogenous research and development. By the beginning of 2020, the company’s innovative drug pipeline is expected to have 6 molecules in clinical stage, including 2 phase III and 1 phase II. It is expected that the company will declare 2-3 IND every year in the future.At the same time, 1-2 new drugs (indications) have been approved, and the road to transforming innovative drugs has become wider.

Profit forecast and investment advice: We estimate that the net profit attributable to the parent company of the company in 2019-2021 will be 5, respectively.

1.1 billion, 6.

4.6 billion, 8.

4.8 billion, an increase of 53 each year.

3%, 26.

4% and 31.

3%; we estimate the company’s segment by business, and the DCF estimate for innovative drugs is 148.

6 trillion, generic drugs 163-195 trillion.

In summary, we give the company an overall market value of 310-342 trillion in 2020, corresponding to a target range of 28.


5 yuan, maintain BUY rating.

Risk alert events: the risk of price reduction in drug procurement, and the progress of the development of innovative drugs gradually exceeds expected risks.

Northbound funds net purchases of more than $ 30 billion this week hit a nine-week high

Northbound funds net purchases of more than $ 30 billion this week hit a nine-week high

For stocks, please read Jin Qilin analyst research report, authoritative, professional, timely, and comprehensive, to help you tap potential potential opportunities!

  Original title: Northbound funds ‘net purchases this week exceeded 30 billion, a record high of nearly nine weeks, and the A-share market fluctuated and closed on February 7. It has increased for four consecutive trading days.

  However, Northbound funding turned to a net reduction.

As of the close of February 7, the total amount of northbound funds was reduced by 32.

9.9 billion yuan.

Among them, Shanghai Stock Connect has a net transparency of 8.

27 yuan, Shenzhen Stock Exchange net decrease of 24.

7.2 billion.

  In the five trading days of the Chinese Lunar Year, there was a net inflow of 300 funds from the north.

600 million yuan, of which, the net inflow of Shanghai Stock Connect was 180.

9.3 billion yuan, with a net inflow of 119.

At $ 6.7 billion, weekly net purchases hit a record high of nearly nine weeks.

  Among the top ten stocks traded on the Shanghai and Shenzhen stock markets, the top three net purchases were Longji (601012), Shanghai Airport (600009), and Ningde Times (300750), which had net purchases of 2 northbound funds.

5.5 billion, 2.

1.2 billion yuan, 1.

7.5 billion yuan.

  The top three net sales were Midea Group (000333), Hikvision (002415), Yili (600887), and the net sales amount was 5 respectively.

3.9 billion yuan, 2.

8.1 billion yuan, 2.

7.6 billion yuan.

  From the top ten active trading stocks listed on the Shanghai-Shenzhen Stock Connect on the daily list, from February 3 to February 7, a total of 32 stocks were listed on the active trading list. The 佛山桑拿网 largest transaction amount was Guizhou Maotai (600519)., This week a total of 162 transactions.

9.6 billion; followed by Ping An of China (601318), with a cumulative turnover of 110.

2.8 billion; Gree Electrical Appliances (000651) and Ningde Times have higher turnover.

  In terms of net purchases and sales, among the stocks listed this week, the largest net purchase amount is also Moutai, Guizhou, with a net purchase amount of 35 this week.

09 trillion, followed by Gree Electric, Ningde era, the net purchase amount was 20.

8.5 billion, 20.

6.2 billion.

Among the net stocks sold, Lixun Precision (002475) had the largest net sales amount, with a net sales amount of 6 this week.

8 billion.

  Among them, Ningde Times recently announced that it has reached a two-year cooperation with Tesla to supply lithium-ion power 上海夜网论坛 battery products to it from July 1, 2020 to June 30, 2022.

  As the global leader in lithium batteries, Ningde Times rose 3 on February 3.

67%, the next two trading days recorded two daily limit, rose again on February 6 nearly 4%, just four trading days, the Ningde era has continued to soar more than 30%.

  From the perspective of the industry, among the active stocks listed this week, the pharmaceutical and biological industry is the most concentrated, with 5 stocks on the list.

  Guoxin Securities believes that foreign countries, as a typical “smart” fund, have ceased the layout of A shares in the past six months. This is a market behavior under the global replacement of assets. What is more behind it is that the current A shares haveHigher costs. At the current point in time, the fact that the institution believes that A shares have higher allocation value is still valid, and the trend of continued foreign inflows will also continue.

3 steps to let your baby learn to control emotions

3 steps to let your baby learn to control emotions

Should the baby hold him when he is crying?

What should I do if my baby keeps crying in the middle of the night?

Think about it, do you understand your baby’s emotions?

Do you know how to answer your baby’s emotions correctly?

  Accompany your baby to improve EQ Many parents are repeating, overcoming the baby’s mood is always capricious.

In fact, we shouldn’t have too high requirements for babies. After all, they are still children and their ability to control themselves is indeed weak.

Furthermore, the relationship between a person’s self-control ability and EQ (Emotional Intelligence) is very strong.

Unlike IQ (IQ), IQ is more affected by innate conditions, while EQ is more subjected to acquired culture.

  If the parent’s IQ is not high, it is almost certainly impossible to raise a child with a high EQ.

In other words, the level of the child’s EQ to a certain extent the performance of parents in daily life.

As the child grows up, parents should accompany the child to improve the EQ, and can start at any time.

  Hint: What is EQ? EQ is Emotional Intelligence Quotient (Emotional Intelligence Quotient), originally proposed by American psychologists Charovi (Peter Salovi) and Meyer (John Meyer) in 1990.

Salovey believes that the essence of EQ can be roughly divided into five elements: clearly knowing their emotions, reasonably expressing their feelings, the ability to control the impulse of desire, knowing the feelings of others, and harmonious interpersonal relationships.

  3 steps to let the child be the master of emotions. 1. Knowing the emotions. Parents do this. Although the newborn baby will not speak yet, it will also express the inner feelings in other ways.

When you are hungry and your diaper is wet, your baby will usually cry and twist your hands and feet when you are happy.

However, at this time, the baby does not understand what his behavior means.

For newborns, many movements are not entirely due to their own expectations, but may be the performance of some reflex actions, but even so, in the process of interacting with the baby, the parents can still describe the baby’s feelings and let the baby respondHave a basic understanding of your emotions.

  From birth, mothers can tell their baby, “You are crying very sad now, because you are hungry!”

Mother feeds you to drink milk, and your stomach will not be hungry after a while!

“When the baby just woke up and wept, the mother could also say,” Baby!

Why don’t you cry because you can’t see your mother, don’t worry, my mother is here with you now!

“Baby will let your baby understand their emotions this way, this is the first step to improve EQ.

As your baby gets older, when he has the ability to express in words, he can be more free and more appropriate to express different emotions.

For example, if you do n’t get something, you will feel “sad”, if your mother is not around, you will feel “lonely”, and if you do n’t do well, you will feel “annoyed”.

  2 Accept the emotion parents do this When the baby falls, what do you do?

He said to the child, “No pain!

No pain!

Don’t cry, don’t cry, you are brave!

“I still hit the floor and said,” Don’t cry!

Don’t cry!

It (the floor) is really bad!

“I don’t think either of these approaches is particularly good.”

At this point, the parents might as well say, “You fell!

Is it painful?

Come, let me rub it for you.

“This will allow the baby to have a better understanding of his emotions, will not be suppressed, and will not easily express wrong emotions in the future.

  Babies will do this and never ignore their emotions.

When the child is crying, some parents may turn around and leave the scene, they think “don’t ignore him, he will stop by himself”.As everyone knows, this practice is extremely harmful to young children.

You know, your baby is crying for a reason.

If his emotions are not always recognized by his parents, the baby will feel very suspicion, do not know where he is wrong, and over time, it is difficult for him to learn how to express emotions correctly.

  3 Expressing emotions Parents do this For those wrong ways of venting emotions, they must let the child have a clear understanding, and at the same time tell him that these emotional expression channels are reasonable and acceptable.

If the child likes to hit people as soon as he gets angry, then even after accepting the punishment, he is expected to hit the next time he gets angry. If the parent also punishes the child by “hitting”, then he has moreImpressed, and it’s harder to understand that “hitting” is wrong.

Therefore, parents must accompany the child to find a suitable way of expressing emotions, sometimes speaking out loud, crying a lot or drawing the feelings in his heart.

  Babies will feel that emotions are not right or wrong, but they must be expressed in good or bad ways.

Therefore, parents must teach their children to understand this: “You can feel sad, but you cannot hit people; you can be sad, but you cannot drop toys.

“Let your child learn to express emotions more appropriately, rather than venting on other people, things or their own bodies.

Dual effects of health care——Tian Hanqiao eats ginger

Dual effects of health care——Tian Hanqiao eats ginger

The ancients had known for a long time that ginger had a health-care effect.
Li Shizhen recorded in the “Compendium of Materia Medica”, “Ginger, toil without labor, can be vegetables, can be, fruit, and medicine.
“Some people say that Tianhan eats ginger to drive off the cold, and some people say that Tianliang is dry and dry, and less ginger is eaten. How and when to eat ginger is very knowledgeable.”
  Deodorize and add flavor. In August, the ginger is tender, and the ginger is yellow, so it is also called sub-ginger or purple ginger.
The ginger that was dug out in November was ginger. It was as wide as a palm of a peasant, brownish-yellow, with little water, spicy and strong.
Seasoning and medicinal herbs all rely on ginger. Ginger can be used to remove fishy stews and increase the flavor of fish and meat.
  The spicy ingredient “Gingerolin” in ginger and freckles, ginger has a strong antioxidant effect, can quickly remove free radicals, inhibit the production of peroxidized lipids in the body, and can reduce the deposition of lipofuscin.
In other words, if you have chloasma or age spots on your face, take five or six slices of ginger and soak them in a glass of boiling water at 90 ° C or higher for ten minutes. After the water temperature drops, add a small spoon of honey and stir.
Consistent drinking for half a year can not only prevent the expansion of new spots, but also make the appearance of spots lighter.
  Eat less dry autumn ginger ginger, dry autumn climate, dry Qi hurt the lungs, and then eat spicy ginger will dry up and dry up, exacerbating the loss of human body water.
Therefore, it is not advisable to eat more ginger before the late autumn comes and before the autumn rain, so as to avoid symptoms such as dry mouth, sore throat and constipation.
Eat less ginger at night to avoid irritating the kidneys and bladder.
  Recommended: Old Chinese Medicine Brown Sugar Ginger Tea Published cold, warm and stop vomiting, benefit the spleen and stomach, warm the palace to cure dysmenorrhea, prevent colds http: // www.
com / products / detail / 7

33 skincare tips for women younger

33 skincare tips for women younger

How to stay young for ten years?

It seems unrealistic to completely avoid and stay away from this kind of invasion and hide in the deep forest. It is only practical to constantly explore and find a truly effective way to protect yourself, reject the stain and erosion of time, and take a look at the secrets of maintaining youth.

  First, the top 5 tips for skin care1. First of all, we suggest that there should be a set of ideal and correct skin care procedures, which play an important role in skin care, and long-term use of high-quality skin care products is the secret of beautiful skin.

  2. Nutrition: You should determine what type of skin, hair and fingernails you have, but pay attention to any adverse reactions you may have to skin care products when nursing.

  3, moisturizing: Do not let the skin dry, drink water often, drink 2 liters of water almost every day, take a bath every day, care for the skin.

  4, sleep: ensure sleep, regular life, so that people immediately recover mental and physical strength.

  5. Some skincare methods for some celebrities.

  Second, the secrets of youthful details 6, facial care: massage the facial skin from bottom to top, once in the morning and evening.

  7, pay attention to the care of high blood pressure, use skin care creams with oil content such as essence, so as to control the obvious horizontal lines.

  8. Before going out, apply a hot towel to your face to activate capillaries and soothe wrinkles.

  9, apply some products containing vitamin c, keep the complexion rosy, even without lipstick is also very spiritual.

  10. When applying eye cream, do not ignore the stains around the corners of the eyes, otherwise they will deepen over time.

  11, nails also need to use nutrition cream to prevent yellowing.

  Third, makeup young tips 12, bright complexion: When makeup, be careful not to use darker foundation than dark.

  13. If the skin tone is too bright, the face will be very oily, so don’t apply too much foundation, otherwise it will only make the wrinkles on the shoulders more obvious.

  14. Avoid using too cold or too dark shades. Bronze will make people suddenly pale, while darker lipsticks will make the lips thinner.

  15, use eye shadow as little as possible, first eye cream and then eye shadow to avoid eye injury.

  16. If the eye makeup is well applied, the eyes will be more energetic, but be careful to use green eye shadows carefully.

  17. When applying makeup, use a light-colored concealer under the bags under the eyes, and apply a dark concealer at the bulges to blur the boundary between the bulges and depressions to cover the bags under the eyes.

  18. Appropriate hairstyle: The short and slender wrinkles look more visible and older.

So you can keep it on your shoulders and cut it a bit. It’s natural.

  Fourth, the spirit of young tips 19, maintain your body shape, swollen figure and full body aunt make you look old.

  20, when acquaintances exchange greetings, they should straighten their bodies, maintain their posture and mental appearance, and the other party will cast their appreciation.

  21, avoid contact with those who are naturally depressed, so as not to affect their emotions.

  22. Keep yourself fresh about new things from the outside world. Having such a life attitude and mood can be astonishing.

  23. Don’t deliberately imitate the words of those young students, trying to make yourself young, there is a difference between young and naive.

  Fifth, young tips and small tips 24, apply gauze or cotton with essence or moisturizing water on the face for 20 minutes, so that your skin is full of water overnight.

  25, tired eyes: use a spoon to immerse in warm water, and then put it on the eyelids for 5 minutes, until the temperature of the metal spoon slowly cools down, this set of simple procedures to restore fatigue is complete.

  26, insist on doing some eye care exercises, you can try it in the office or before going to bed.

  27. Lip care: apply toothbrush with honey on the lips and leave for 2 minutes.

  28. Use a lip balm before going to bed, apply it lightly around the lips after moisturizing, and gently massage with a tap to make the lips smooth and diffuse.

  Six, anti-aging good habits 29, aroma skin call therapy: maintain adequate sleep, and massage therapy with peppermint oil.

  30. Adhere to a good and regular lifestyle, drink less water before bedtime, and do eye massage when you have time to eliminate puffiness of the eyelids and keep the eyes from aging.

  31. Do a facial particle scrub once a week, or use some acid acid skin care products, or use an exfoliating cream to remove the aging cutin, so that the skin will return to gloss.

  32, insist on using sunscreen every day when going out, uva in the sun is the culprit that causes skin aging, it is necessary to maintain effective sun protection.

  33. Persist in eating vitamins every day, such as cabbage, cabbage, and peanuts containing vitamins c and e, which can help to dilute and break down the melanin that has formed.

Delusional personality

Delusional personality

Paranoid personality is also called delusional personality.

Its behavioral characteristics are often manifested as: extreme hypersensitivity, grievances about violations and injuries; stubborn thoughts and behaviors, sensitive and suspicious, narrow-minded; love bullying, nervousness about others’ achievement or honor, jealousy, not provocationQuarrel is to talk blandly behind, or openly reject and blame others; self-righteous, pretentious, overestimating one’s ability, accustomed to blame others for failure and responsibility, often overstatement in work and study; at the same time inferiority, Always demanding others too much, but never trust others’ motives and desires, think others have bad intentions; can not correctly and objectively analyze and point out that if there is a problem, it is easy to start from personal feelings and subjective one-sidedness; if you build a family,Often suspected of spouse infidelity and so on.

People with this personality cannot be harmonious at home, they cannot get along well with friends and colleagues, and others have to stay away from him.

  First, the performance characteristics In order to facilitate the diagnosis, the “Chinese Mental Illness Classification Scheme and Diagnostic Standards” describes the characteristics of paranoid personality as: 1.
Extensive suspicion, often misunderstanding others’ unintentional, non-malicious and even friendly behaviors as hostility or discrimination, or without sufficient basis, suspecting that they will be used or harmed by others, so they are overly vigilant and defensive.

  2.Interpreting surrounding objects as “conspiracies” that do not fit the actual situation has gradually become a concept of overprice.

  3.Prone to sickly terrible jealousy.

  4.Overconfidence, blaming people for setbacks or failures, always thinking they are right.

  5.It is terrible to hate others, and tolerate wrongdoing to others.

  6.Depart from actual arguments and hostility, and stubbornly pursue personal “reasons” or interests that are not reasonable enough.

  7.See through or distrust objective evidence that is inconsistent with the patient’s mind.

It is actually difficult to change the patient’s mind with reason or fact.

  A patient’s symptoms must meet at least three of the above items before a diagnosis of paranoid personality disorder can be made.

  People with paranoid personality rarely have self-knowledge, and they have a denial attitude towards their paranoid implementation. Therefore, the number and proportion in society is really unknown.

It is said that the data from the Shanghai Mental Health Survey of 1998 showed that the number of such personality disorders accounted for 5.8% of the total number of mental disorders, and the actual situation may exceed this proportion.

It was also found in surveys and studies that men with paranoid personality disorder are predominantly men, and most of them have bile or extrovert personality.

  Second, the treatment method for the treatment of paranoid personality disorder should be based on psychological treatment to overcome paranoid sensitivity, stubbornness, insecurity and self-centered personality defects.

There are the following methods.

  1.Awareness raising method.

Because patients do not trust others, they are sensitive and suspicious, and they will not accept any kind advice. Therefore, they must first establish a trust relationship with them, exchange emotions on the basis of mutual trust, and fully introduce them to the nature, characteristics, and harmfulness of their personality disordersAnd corrective methods to make them understand themselves correctly and objectively, and consciously intervene to produce the desire to change their personality defects.

This is a prerequisite for further psychotherapy.

  2.Dating training method.

Encourage them to actively engage in dating activities, learn to trust others in making friends, and eliminate anxiety.

The principles and essentials of friendship training are: (1) Meet sincerely and make friends with sincerity.

I must adopt a sincere and honest attitude to make friends.

We must believe that most people are friendly, good, and trustworthy. There should be no prejudice or distrust towards friends, especially close friends.

It must be clear that the purpose of making friends is to overcome paranoia, seek friendship and help, exchange thoughts and feelings, and eliminate psychological obstacles.

  (2) Attempt to give various help to friends who are intimate.

This helps to exchange heart for heart, gain trust from each other and strengthen friendship.

Especially when others have difficulties, they should help each other and know the truth in times of trouble, so as to gain the trust of friends and enhance friendship.

  (3) Pay attention to the principle of psychological friendliness in making friends.

The similarity and consistency of personality and temperament help to be psychologically compatible and make good friends.

In addition, gender, age, occupation, cultural accomplishment, economic level, social parts and hobbies also have “psychological compatibility” problems.

However, the most basic condition of psychological compatibility is the similarity and consistency of the ideological consciousness and outlook on life, that is, “like-minded”.

This is the psychological basis for developing cooperation and consolidating friendship.

  3.Self therapy.

People with paranoid personality like to go to extremes, which is related to irrational ideas in their heads.

Therefore, in order to change paranoid behavior, paranoid personality patients must first analyze their irrational ideas.
Such as: ① I cannot tolerate the slightest infidelity of others.
  ② There are no good people in the world, I just believe in myself.

  ② To attack others, I must stand up and fight back in advance, and let him know that I am stronger than him.

  ④ I can’t show tenderness, it will give a feeling of not being strong.

These ideas have now been transformed to remove the most extreme elements.

  ⑤ I’m not saying that there is no one king, and occasional infidelity of others should be forgiven.

  ⑥ There are good people and bad people in the world. I should trust those good people.

  ⑦ Attacking others, it is not necessarily the best way to counterattack at once, and I must first distinguish whether or not I have actually been attacked.

  I dare not express true emotions, which is a sign of weakness in itself.

  As a result, when the state of mind re-emerges, it is necessary to meditate on the transformed rationalized ideas in order to prevent one’s extreme behavior.

Sometimes I unknowingly showed a biased behavior, and I should re-analyze the thoughts at the time afterwards. I came up with the irrational ideas at that time, and then restructured them to prevent the next crime.

  4.Hostility corrects training.

Patients with paranoid personality disorder are prone to be hostile and distrustful of others and their surroundings. The following training methods can help overcome the hostile confrontation psychology.

  (1) Always remind yourself not to get stuck in the vortex of “hostility.”

Self-remind and warn in advance, and pay attention to correction when dealing with others. This will obviously eliminate hostility and strong emotional reactions.

  (2) To understand the basic principle that only respect for others can be respected by others.

Learn to say thank you to those who have helped you, instead of saying “thank you” without itching, let alone ignore it.

  (3) Learn to smile at everyone you know.

You may be unaccustomed at first and do it unnaturally, but you must do it and work hard to do it well.

  (4) Learn to be patient and patient in life.

Living in a complicated world, conflicts and frictions are inevitable. At this time, tolerance and restraint must be tolerated, and hostile anger cannot be burned and turned into anger and anger.

How many confidants do you need?

How many confidants do you need?

Geographically, people need to determine their position so that they don’t get lost. Psychologically, they also need to determine their position in order to find the power of action.

If you want to have a long-term relationship with “Lan Yan Confidant”, then you first need to position yourself, and then set a position for “Lan Yan Confidant” to see which position is most suitable for him.

  So, how does a woman position herself as a “blue-confidant” or find a few “blue-confidant” the most suitable?

According to several girlfriends who claimed to be “coming people”, women had better or at least three “blue-confidants”.

  This first “blue-yan confidant” is of course her husband; the second “blue-yan confidant” is a boyfriend willingly sharing your troubles, but without gender awareness; the third “blue-yan confidant” is appreciationAnd respect your thinking man.

  If you really have these three types of “blue confidant”.

This is always a woman’s happiness, but also a kind of luck.

  Intimate lover Lan Yan confidant love is the best beauty teacher for women.

Fruits are as beautiful as flowers in the season of love.

In fact, before he fell in love with his boyfriend, Guo had devoted himself to his talents and admired his tall and magnificent shore.

The two of them fell in love with each other unconsciously, and finally on that journey, Guo’s boyfriend found an opportunity and naturally came up with his own ideas.

If this sentence has been waiting for a long time, the love between the two has finally begun.

  In love, men are far more romantic than women.

In Guo’s love, his boyfriend often comes up with a sudden romantic plot, so that while surprised, Guo will give birth to a strong love and feel that he is the happiest woman in the world.

For example, on the 25th birthday of Guo, the company asked his boyfriend to work overtime. Because he could n’t push it, he could n’t celebrate his birthday.

What Guo Guo didn’t expect was that when the needle was pointing at 23:58, he was sweating and holding 25 roses standing at the door of Guo’s house. He said, “It’s okay, I didn’t miss today.
“These 25 roses almost bloomed in the spring night, and more in the heart of Guo, so she decided to be his wife.

  In marriage, men are far more realistic than women.

Entered into the palace of marriage, while maintaining a romantic relationship, her husband is more realistic than when in love.

His love for fruit is no longer inexorably loved or restrained.

Making Guo’s willfulness too much, but she still felt the deep love of her husband.

The husband is very busy with work, but maybe someday he will take the time to make a delicious meal for Guo; the husband needs a business trip, but he will often come back early; often when he opens his eyes in the morning, he finds that the husband is lovingLooking at her.

  Women are not born, but created.

Accompanied by her husband, “blue-faced confidant”, the fruit has matured a lot today, and she still maintains her personality when she is gentle; she fully demonstrates her advantages when she struggles; she captures the man’s confused heart when she is in love.

The husband said she was a mature and attractive woman.

  Opinion: Love is a kind of creativity. The success of love, to a certain extent, the creativity of your love.

Love is also a deliberate business, and “husband and wife” is the most worthwhile business for you.

  Gender-conscious confidante Lan Yan “When a woman approaches a man she trusts, she will unreservedly show her thoughts and thoughts, while revealing her colorful feelings, she will also expose her shallowness, herTrivial, her ignorance and her mediocrity.

Therefore, it is necessary to find a man who can show his heart and talk.

Because people need to vent.

What’s more, some things cannot be said to the husband.

From this point of view, you need to hand in a buddy-like ‘blue-confidant’.

Lan Qi was deeply moved.

  Among Lan Qi’s male friends, Qiang is the kind of friend who holds Lan Qi as a buddy.

Not only him, even Lan Qi in front of him, never considered himself a girl.

The two have almost no gender awareness, and belong to the kind of friends who are absolutely dead.

  The iron of their relationship is enviable.

When Lan Qi encountered sadness, the first thing she thought of was Qiang.Lan Qi had a quarrel with her lover that time, because the lover’s ex-girlfriend often contacted Qiang, but Qiang kept Lan Qi from hiding.

When Lan Qi knew this, she was very sad and wanted to give up her lover, but fell in love with him. Lan Qi, who was in pain, didn’t know what to do.

  At that time, Qiang was on a business trip in Shanghai and received Lan Qi’s mobile phone.

Qiang helped Lan Qi analyze three points: first, the reason why he did n’t tell Lan Qi did not prove that he still loved his ex-girlfriend, maybe he was worried that Lan Qi would think more, so he wanted to reduce the trouble;He contacted, he felt that he was able to handle this matter well, and there was no need to allow Lan Qi to have an extra psychological burden; third, if he really wanted to rekindle his former girlfriend, do n’t worry, you know that since he chose to leave the former girlfriendIt must be that she has something he cannot accept.

Under normal circumstances, men rarely regret what they have given up.

After analysis, Qiang helped Lan Qi to plan corresponding countermeasures.

Lan Qi acted according to plan, and it really paid off.

  Don’t look at Lan Qi’s quietness, but she is lively and straightforward, a little boyish.

Dealing with problems is not thorough enough, especially in the workplace, only skilled business is not enough, sometimes with skills in male bosses.

When she encountered a problem that could not be solved in the workplace, she would ask for advice on how to get along with male bosses, male colleagues, and how to crack men’s workplace psychology.

The “strategies” and “countermeasures” she asked from Qiang applied to practice, and they really worked very well.

Of course, Lan Qi also often helped Qiang, deciphering the true meaning of his girlfriend’s seemingly fickle mood.

  Opinion: A man understands a man is one kind, a man understands a woman is another kind, and a comprehensive man is a comprehensive man.

Similarly, men understand women as one kind, and women understand women as another.

Therefore, only by combining the different characteristics and perspectives of the sexes, can we really get the answer.

Also, when a woman is hurt and needs to cry, a dead party without sex is one of the best people you can talk to.

To obtain such a true confidant without gender awareness, it needs to be cultivated normally.

  The confidante who appreciates your thoughts in the relationship between men and women feels that most of the errors are women.

Therefore, women do not need to worry about their boyfriends being misplaced. The key is that women themselves should not be confused, maintain a rational mind, get along with men rationally, and be able to interact with men with confidence.

  Among mortals’ confidants of the opposite sex, sword is the kind of man who cares more about her thoughts than about her looks. He respects and appreciates Fan’s thoughts, and often communicates with Fans.

When encountering an unsolvable ideological problem, the two naturally think of each other, find a place of quiet, and for a few hours of communication, each other will feel a sense of relief.

  At that time, Fan was very upset with her husband, but couldn’t think of a good solution to the problem. She was distressed and thought of the sword.

On a phone call, she and Jian met in the cafe. An hour later, Fan Huarong finally smiled.

The problem of the mortal was solved, the sword talked about several difficult problems he encountered in the “mall”, the mortal who has been fighting for many years in the “commercial war”, and helped the sword to come up with several plans.The feeling of Mousseton opened, and his thoughts were opened.

  Anyone who thinks that if you look closely at a man, you can’t see all its charms without getting deep into his thoughts.

If you can find a “blue-faced confidant” who is thinking and can really treat you, there will be a qualitative leap in women’s thinking.

Communication and communication between a thoughtful man and a thoughtful woman are tantamount to absorbing the essence of gender thinking.

This is a very lucky thing for both people.

  Therefore, if a woman has her own thought, she must dare to express it in front of the opposite sex. Don’t think that I will do this?

Will it upset him?

Will it disappoint him?

Will it offend him or something.

This resists your thinking and normal play.

You know, the reason why you can become his “confidant” is mostly your thoughts, especially for thoughtful men.

  Of course, as a woman, you have to know how to choose.

If there is a man who appreciates your thoughts, then you must take good measures of how you get along with each other. Don’t let this rare friendship go astray, or you won’t be able to make a friend in the end.

You know, since he appreciates your thoughts, he will love other women’s looks, figures, and other good qualities just as he loves your thoughts.

At this time, you must not be afraid of jealousy, you must know that you may be “blue-faced confidants” in your mind.

If you want him too much, it’s not good for both sides.

Therefore, it is best for women to position themselves and their “blue-faced confidants” so that this friendship can develop healthily.In this way, both parties will benefit.

  Opinion: While admiring the thoughts of men, women must also show their excellence. This is the “gender confidante” that complements each other and attracts both.

Of course, this kind of attraction is limited to ideology, and we must keep a good balance.

You know, it’s not easy to meet this kind of “confidante”, and it is even more difficult to cultivate this friendship.

Therefore, we must cherish it. Do n’t lose this rare “blue confidant” because of your personal feelings.

Butterbur flower

Butterbur flower

[Medicine name]: Coltsfoot flower[Pinyin]: KUANDONGHUA[English name]: Coltsfoot flower Common coltsfoot flower Common G foot flower[Source]: It is a dicotyledon flower asteraceae plant coltsfoot flower bud.

  [Efficacy]: moisturizes the lungs, relieves phlegm and coughs.

  [Indications]: Relieve cough, wheeze, and throat paralysis.

  [Sexual flavor return classics]: Xin, warm.

  ① “Ben Jing”: “Wei Xin, Wen.

“②” Do not record “:” Gan, non-toxic.

“③ Medical Kaiyuan”: “Tough work.

“④” Medical Drugs “:” The taste is slightly bitter and slightly bitter, and the sex is flat. ”

“Into the lung meridian.

  ①Wang Haogu: “The hand is too Yinjing.

“②” Lei Gong Cannon Pharmaceutical Sexual Solution “:” Into the heart, lungs two.

[Usage and dosage]: Oral administration: Jiantang, 0.

5-3 money; boil ointment or into pills, scattered.

  [Medication should be avoided]: ① “Compendium of Materia Medica Notes”: “Almonds are used.

It’s purple.

Acacia pods, elimination stones, black ginseng.

Fritillaria, Xinyi, Ephedra, Cotinus coggygria, Coptis chinensis, Cotinus coggygria, and barberry.

“②” Chongyuan Materia Medica “:” The lungs are scorching, and those with full lungs are not available.

“③” Ben Jing Feng Yuan “:” Yin deficiency and jaw downward.

“[Alias]: Donghua (” Wan Family’s Family Copy “), paragraph flower (” ulcer experience book “), see the light flower (” Compendium of Materia Medica Chongyuan “), Ai Donghua (” Shanxi Traditional Chinese Medicine “), nineJiuhua (Chinese Medicine Journal).

Butterbur (“Chu Ci”) also known as: 菟 奚, Jelly (“Erya”), Liwu, Tiger Beard (“Book of Classics”), Frozen, Bitter Extract (Guangya)), Shi Dong (“Bie”), Diamond frozen (” Compendium of Materia Medica “), star anise (” Plant name and real test “)[prescription name]: butterbur flower, winter flower, butterbur, raw winter flower, winter flower written in the winter flower prescription, Coltsfoot, Coltsfoot refers to raw coltsfoot.

Remove impurities and branches for the original medicinal materials, and dry in the medicine.

  That winter flower is also known as honey winter flower, honey is winter flower, honey is butterbur flower and so on.

Add honey and appropriate boiled water to the net winter flowers and mix well. Then fry until it is non-sticky.

The effect of moistening lungs and relieving cough is enhanced.

  [Brand name]: Lingtai winter flower: Produced in Lingtai area of Gansu and Yulin area of Shaanxi.

Best quality.

  Coltsfoot flower: also known as winter coltsfoot.

A collective name for coltsfoot flowers produced everywhere.

Henan has the largest output.

The flower buds are large and full, dry, bright red and purple, without pedicels and dirt.

  [Animal and Plant Resource Distribution]: It is distributed in Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Sichuan, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Gansu, Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, Qinghai and Tibet.

The medicinal materials are produced in Shaanxi, Shanxi, Henan, Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan, Inner Mongolia and other places.

  [Harvest and storage of medicinal materials]: From late October to late December, when flowers are unearthed, dig, remove flower buds, remove pedicels and mud, and dry in the shade.

  [Latin name]: Flos Farfarae, Tussilago farfara L.

  [Processing method]: Coltsfoot flowers: Remove residual stems, sand and stones, clods.

Honey Donghua: Pick the coltsfoot coltsfoot and refine the honey and add an appropriate amount of boiling water, mix well, and slightly stuffy, put in a pan and fry with gentle heat until slightly yellow, do not stick to the degree, and let cool.

(Each model costs 100 kilograms each, and 25 kilograms of honey is used for refining.)[Research]: ①Tao Hongjing: “The coltsfoot flower, the first out of Hebei, its shape is like a loquat, and those who are not comfortable are good, with silk in their belly;, Baekje, its flowers are like big chrysanthemums.It was also out of the north of Shushu, but not as good.

Its winter moon is born under the ice, and in December, it is taken on the first day of the month.

“②” The Sketch of this Sketch “:” Tussilago farfara, also in Guanzhong today.

Purple roots, purple stems, grassy leaves?

In December, yellow and blue petals bloomed, and the soil was an inch or two. The first emerged like a chrysanthemum, the petals were straight and plump, and there was no child. Then Tao Yinju called the Goryeo, Baekje, and so on.

There are also safflowers, whose leaves are straight like a lotus, with a large capacity and a liter. The small ones have the same capacity. The popular name is a bee bucket, also known as a water bucket.

Tang noted that the so-called as large as sunflowers and clusters are also.

“③ Materia Medica Yanyi”: “coltsfoot flowers, in spring, people may use vegetables instead of vegetables, the medicine must be seen in the flowers are good.

If it is fragrant, it is powerless.

Many people today are like authors, I am afraid there are no flowers.

“Identification of raw medicinal materials”: The dried flower buds are irregularly stick-shaped, often 2-3 inflorescences are contiguous, and grow 1-2.

5 cm, 6-10 mm in diameter.

The upper end is thicker, the middle is slightly plump, and the lower end is tapered or with short stems.

The flower head is covered with many fish-scale bracts on the outside, and the outer surface is purple or reddish.

The inner surface of the film is covered with white flocculent fur.

The air is fragrant, the taste is slightly bitter and plum, and the chewing is cotton-like.

Large flowers, purple-red, pedicels are preferred.

Microscopic identification: powder: brown, cotton fleece.

  ① Non-glandular hairs are very long, 1-4 cells, the top cells are long, twisted and coiled into clusters, diameter 5-17μm, thin wall ② glandular hairs are slightly mallet-shaped, 104-216μm long, 16-52μm in diameter, slightly enlarged,About 4-6 cells; multicellular cells in the handle, 2 rows (1 row in side view).

  ③ The crown hairs are multi-row branched hairs, each branch is single-celled, and the apex is acuminate.

  ④ The pollen grains are spherical, with a diameter of 28-48 μm, with 3 holes, and spikes on the surface.

  ⑤ The surface-view attachments of the inner wall cells of the pollen sac, with preliminary strip-shaped thickened walls.

  ⑥ Surface view of bladder epidermal cells.

Peripheral walls are thin or slightly beaded and thickened, with fine wavy keratinous texture; epidermal cells at the edges are villous.

  Inner epidermal cells of tube corolla lobes oblong, horny texture.

  The stigma epidermal cells are papillary on the outer wall, and some differentiate into short villi.

In addition, there are thick-walled cells, secretory cells with yellow secretions, and inulin clusters.

  [Chinese medicine chemical composition]: The flower contains sterols such as coltsfoot polysaccharide (Faradiol), rutinate (Butin), hyperin, hyperin, triphenol saponin, raw material quality, wax, volatile oil and taraxanthin (Taraxanthin).

The leaves contain picrine 2.

63%, gallic acid (malic acid), elastic rubber-like substance, dextrin, mucus, inulin (inulin), phytosterols, stearic acid and glyceryl palmitate, tartaric acid (tartaric acid), malic acid (malic acid), Invert sugar, choline (choline), hydrocarbons (C26H56, C28H58) and saponins.

Ash contains a lot of zinc, up to 3.

26% (calculated as ZnCO3).

Fresh rhizomes contain volatile oil, paraffin, inulin, and coagulated matter.

Roots contain rubber 0.

015%, Bauerenol, etc.

Flowers contain coltsfoot formaldehyde (faradiol) and arnicol, which are isomers of each other and difficult to separate; it also contains phytosterols and rutin compound 0.

36%, hypericum candied fruit 0.

28%, dandelion xanthan, sulfur and slime.

It has also been reported that farfaratine, tussilagine, and 14-acetoxy-7β-[3′-ethyl crotonoloxy]-notonipetranome are obtained from butterbur flowerEsters (14-acetoxy-7β-3′-ethylbutyryloxy]-1α-[2′-methylbutyryloxy]-nonylbenzophenone), methylbutyryl 3,14-Z-Dehydrocolzaein ester (7β-[3′-ethyl-crotonyloxy]-lα-[2′-methylbutyryloxy]-3,14-dehydro-Z-motomipetranone) and the like.

Leaves with bitter salty red 2.63%, saponin, choline, sitosterol, tartaric acid, gallic acid, malic acid, inulin, carotene, vitamin C, fermented matter, trace volatile oil and slime.

In addition, it contains polysaccharides.