Paranoid personality is also called delusional personality.
Its behavioral characteristics are often manifested as: extreme hypersensitivity, grievances about violations and injuries; stubborn thoughts and behaviors, sensitive and suspicious, narrow-minded; love bullying, nervousness about others’ achievement or honor, jealousy, not provocationQuarrel is to talk blandly behind, or openly reject and blame others; self-righteous, pretentious, overestimating one’s ability, accustomed to blame others for failure and responsibility, often overstatement in work and study; at the same time inferiority, Always demanding others too much, but never trust others’ motives and desires, think others have bad intentions; can not correctly and objectively analyze and point out that if there is a problem, it is easy to start from personal feelings and subjective one-sidedness; if you build a family,Often suspected of spouse infidelity and so on.
People with this personality cannot be harmonious at home, they cannot get along well with friends and colleagues, and others have to stay away from him.
First, the performance characteristics In order to facilitate the diagnosis, the “Chinese Mental Illness Classification Scheme and Diagnostic Standards” describes the characteristics of paranoid personality as: 1.
Extensive suspicion, often misunderstanding others’ unintentional, non-malicious and even friendly behaviors as hostility or discrimination, or without sufficient basis, suspecting that they will be used or harmed by others, so they are overly vigilant and defensive.
2.Interpreting surrounding objects as “conspiracies” that do not fit the actual situation has gradually become a concept of overprice.
3．Prone to sickly terrible jealousy.
4．Overconfidence, blaming people for setbacks or failures, always thinking they are right.
5.It is terrible to hate others, and tolerate wrongdoing to others.
6.Depart from actual arguments and hostility, and stubbornly pursue personal “reasons” or interests that are not reasonable enough.
7.See through or distrust objective evidence that is inconsistent with the patient’s mind.
It is actually difficult to change the patient’s mind with reason or fact.
A patient’s symptoms must meet at least three of the above items before a diagnosis of paranoid personality disorder can be made.
People with paranoid personality rarely have self-knowledge, and they have a denial attitude towards their paranoid implementation. Therefore, the number and proportion in society is really unknown.
It is said that the data from the Shanghai Mental Health Survey of 1998 showed that the number of such personality disorders accounted for 5.8% of the total number of mental disorders, and the actual situation may exceed this proportion.
It was also found in surveys and studies that men with paranoid personality disorder are predominantly men, and most of them have bile or extrovert personality.
Second, the treatment method for the treatment of paranoid personality disorder should be based on psychological treatment to overcome paranoid sensitivity, stubbornness, insecurity and self-centered personality defects.
There are the following methods.
1.Awareness raising method.
Because patients do not trust others, they are sensitive and suspicious, and they will not accept any kind advice. Therefore, they must first establish a trust relationship with them, exchange emotions on the basis of mutual trust, and fully introduce them to the nature, characteristics, and harmfulness of their personality disordersAnd corrective methods to make them understand themselves correctly and objectively, and consciously intervene to produce the desire to change their personality defects.
This is a prerequisite for further psychotherapy.
2.Dating training method.
Encourage them to actively engage in dating activities, learn to trust others in making friends, and eliminate anxiety.
The principles and essentials of friendship training are: (1) Meet sincerely and make friends with sincerity.
I must adopt a sincere and honest attitude to make friends.
We must believe that most people are friendly, good, and trustworthy. There should be no prejudice or distrust towards friends, especially close friends.
It must be clear that the purpose of making friends is to overcome paranoia, seek friendship and help, exchange thoughts and feelings, and eliminate psychological obstacles.
(2) Attempt to give various help to friends who are intimate.
This helps to exchange heart for heart, gain trust from each other and strengthen friendship.
Especially when others have difficulties, they should help each other and know the truth in times of trouble, so as to gain the trust of friends and enhance friendship.
(3) Pay attention to the principle of psychological friendliness in making friends.
The similarity and consistency of personality and temperament help to be psychologically compatible and make good friends.
In addition, gender, age, occupation, cultural accomplishment, economic level, social parts and hobbies also have “psychological compatibility” problems.
However, the most basic condition of psychological compatibility is the similarity and consistency of the ideological consciousness and outlook on life, that is, “like-minded”.
This is the psychological basis for developing cooperation and consolidating friendship.
People with paranoid personality like to go to extremes, which is related to irrational ideas in their heads.
Therefore, in order to change paranoid behavior, paranoid personality patients must first analyze their irrational ideas.
Such as: ① I cannot tolerate the slightest infidelity of others.
② There are no good people in the world, I just believe in myself.
② To attack others, I must stand up and fight back in advance, and let him know that I am stronger than him.
④ I can’t show tenderness, it will give a feeling of not being strong.
These ideas have now been transformed to remove the most extreme elements.
⑤ I’m not saying that there is no one king, and occasional infidelity of others should be forgiven.
⑥ There are good people and bad people in the world. I should trust those good people.
⑦ Attacking others, it is not necessarily the best way to counterattack at once, and I must first distinguish whether or not I have actually been attacked.
I dare not express true emotions, which is a sign of weakness in itself.
As a result, when the state of mind re-emerges, it is necessary to meditate on the transformed rationalized ideas in order to prevent one’s extreme behavior.
Sometimes I unknowingly showed a biased behavior, and I should re-analyze the thoughts at the time afterwards. I came up with the irrational ideas at that time, and then restructured them to prevent the next crime.
4．Hostility corrects training.
Patients with paranoid personality disorder are prone to be hostile and distrustful of others and their surroundings. The following training methods can help overcome the hostile confrontation psychology.
(1) Always remind yourself not to get stuck in the vortex of “hostility.”
Self-remind and warn in advance, and pay attention to correction when dealing with others. This will obviously eliminate hostility and strong emotional reactions.
(2) To understand the basic principle that only respect for others can be respected by others.
Learn to say thank you to those who have helped you, instead of saying “thank you” without itching, let alone ignore it.
(3) Learn to smile at everyone you know.
You may be unaccustomed at first and do it unnaturally, but you must do it and work hard to do it well.
(4) Learn to be patient and patient in life.
Living in a complicated world, conflicts and frictions are inevitable. At this time, tolerance and restraint must be tolerated, and hostile anger cannot be burned and turned into anger and anger.