[Medicine name]: Coltsfoot flower[Pinyin]: KUANDONGHUA[English name]: Coltsfoot flower Common coltsfoot flower Common G foot flower[Source]: It is a dicotyledon flower asteraceae plant coltsfoot flower bud.
[Efficacy]: moisturizes the lungs, relieves phlegm and coughs.
[Indications]: Relieve cough, wheeze, and throat paralysis.
[Sexual flavor return classics]: Xin, warm.
① “Ben Jing”: “Wei Xin, Wen.
“②” Do not record “:” Gan, non-toxic.
“③ Medical Kaiyuan”: “Tough work.
“④” Medical Drugs “:” The taste is slightly bitter and slightly bitter, and the sex is flat. ”
“Into the lung meridian.
①Wang Haogu: “The hand is too Yinjing.
“②” Lei Gong Cannon Pharmaceutical Sexual Solution “:” Into the heart, lungs two.
[Usage and dosage]: Oral administration: Jiantang, 0.
5-3 money; boil ointment or into pills, scattered.
[Medication should be avoided]: ① “Compendium of Materia Medica Notes”: “Almonds are used.
Acacia pods, elimination stones, black ginseng.
Fritillaria, Xinyi, Ephedra, Cotinus coggygria, Coptis chinensis, Cotinus coggygria, and barberry.
“②” Chongyuan Materia Medica “:” The lungs are scorching, and those with full lungs are not available.
“③” Ben Jing Feng Yuan “:” Yin deficiency and jaw downward.
“[Alias]: Donghua (” Wan Family’s Family Copy “), paragraph flower (” ulcer experience book “), see the light flower (” Compendium of Materia Medica Chongyuan “), Ai Donghua (” Shanxi Traditional Chinese Medicine “), nineJiuhua (Chinese Medicine Journal).
Butterbur (“Chu Ci”) also known as: 菟 奚, Jelly (“Erya”), Liwu, Tiger Beard (“Book of Classics”), Frozen, Bitter Extract (Guangya)), Shi Dong (“Bie”), Diamond frozen (” Compendium of Materia Medica “), star anise (” Plant name and real test “)[prescription name]: butterbur flower, winter flower, butterbur, raw winter flower, winter flower written in the winter flower prescription, Coltsfoot, Coltsfoot refers to raw coltsfoot.
Remove impurities and branches for the original medicinal materials, and dry in the medicine.
That winter flower is also known as honey winter flower, honey is winter flower, honey is butterbur flower and so on.
Add honey and appropriate boiled water to the net winter flowers and mix well. Then fry until it is non-sticky.
The effect of moistening lungs and relieving cough is enhanced.
[Brand name]: Lingtai winter flower: Produced in Lingtai area of Gansu and Yulin area of Shaanxi.
Coltsfoot flower: also known as winter coltsfoot.
A collective name for coltsfoot flowers produced everywhere.
Henan has the largest output.
The flower buds are large and full, dry, bright red and purple, without pedicels and dirt.
[Animal and Plant Resource Distribution]: It is distributed in Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Sichuan, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Gansu, Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, Qinghai and Tibet.
The medicinal materials are produced in Shaanxi, Shanxi, Henan, Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan, Inner Mongolia and other places.
[Harvest and storage of medicinal materials]: From late October to late December, when flowers are unearthed, dig, remove flower buds, remove pedicels and mud, and dry in the shade.
[Latin name]: Flos Farfarae, Tussilago farfara L.
[Processing method]: Coltsfoot flowers: Remove residual stems, sand and stones, clods.
Honey Donghua: Pick the coltsfoot coltsfoot and refine the honey and add an appropriate amount of boiling water, mix well, and slightly stuffy, put in a pan and fry with gentle heat until slightly yellow, do not stick to the degree, and let cool.
(Each model costs 100 kilograms each, and 25 kilograms of honey is used for refining.)[Research]: ①Tao Hongjing: “The coltsfoot flower, the first out of Hebei, its shape is like a loquat, and those who are not comfortable are good, with silk in their belly;, Baekje, its flowers are like big chrysanthemums.It was also out of the north of Shushu, but not as good.
Its winter moon is born under the ice, and in December, it is taken on the first day of the month.
“②” The Sketch of this Sketch “:” Tussilago farfara, also in Guanzhong today.
Purple roots, purple stems, grassy leaves?
In December, yellow and blue petals bloomed, and the soil was an inch or two. The first emerged like a chrysanthemum, the petals were straight and plump, and there was no child. Then Tao Yinju called the Goryeo, Baekje, and so on.
There are also safflowers, whose leaves are straight like a lotus, with a large capacity and a liter. The small ones have the same capacity. The popular name is a bee bucket, also known as a water bucket.
Tang noted that the so-called as large as sunflowers and clusters are also.
“③ Materia Medica Yanyi”: “coltsfoot flowers, in spring, people may use vegetables instead of vegetables, the medicine must be seen in the flowers are good.
If it is fragrant, it is powerless.
Many people today are like authors, I am afraid there are no flowers.
“Identification of raw medicinal materials”: The dried flower buds are irregularly stick-shaped, often 2-3 inflorescences are contiguous, and grow 1-2.
5 cm, 6-10 mm in diameter.
The upper end is thicker, the middle is slightly plump, and the lower end is tapered or with short stems.
The flower head is covered with many fish-scale bracts on the outside, and the outer surface is purple or reddish.
The inner surface of the film is covered with white flocculent fur.
The air is fragrant, the taste is slightly bitter and plum, and the chewing is cotton-like.
Large flowers, purple-red, pedicels are preferred.
Microscopic identification: powder: brown, cotton fleece.
① Non-glandular hairs are very long, 1-4 cells, the top cells are long, twisted and coiled into clusters, diameter 5-17μm, thin wall ② glandular hairs are slightly mallet-shaped, 104-216μm long, 16-52μm in diameter, slightly enlarged,About 4-6 cells; multicellular cells in the handle, 2 rows (1 row in side view).
③ The crown hairs are multi-row branched hairs, each branch is single-celled, and the apex is acuminate.
④ The pollen grains are spherical, with a diameter of 28-48 μm, with 3 holes, and spikes on the surface.
⑤ The surface-view attachments of the inner wall cells of the pollen sac, with preliminary strip-shaped thickened walls.
⑥ Surface view of bladder epidermal cells.
Peripheral walls are thin or slightly beaded and thickened, with fine wavy keratinous texture; epidermal cells at the edges are villous.
Inner epidermal cells of tube corolla lobes oblong, horny texture.
The stigma epidermal cells are papillary on the outer wall, and some differentiate into short villi.
In addition, there are thick-walled cells, secretory cells with yellow secretions, and inulin clusters.
[Chinese medicine chemical composition]: The flower contains sterols such as coltsfoot polysaccharide (Faradiol), rutinate (Butin), hyperin, hyperin, triphenol saponin, raw material quality, wax, volatile oil and taraxanthin (Taraxanthin).
The leaves contain picrine 2.
63%, gallic acid (malic acid), elastic rubber-like substance, dextrin, mucus, inulin (inulin), phytosterols, stearic acid and glyceryl palmitate, tartaric acid (tartaric acid), malic acid (malic acid), Invert sugar, choline (choline), hydrocarbons (C26H56, C28H58) and saponins.
Ash contains a lot of zinc, up to 3.
26% (calculated as ZnCO3).
Fresh rhizomes contain volatile oil, paraffin, inulin, and coagulated matter.
Roots contain rubber 0.
015%, Bauerenol, etc.
Flowers contain coltsfoot formaldehyde (faradiol) and arnicol, which are isomers of each other and difficult to separate; it also contains phytosterols and rutin compound 0.
36%, hypericum candied fruit 0.
28%, dandelion xanthan, sulfur and slime.
It has also been reported that farfaratine, tussilagine, and 14-acetoxy-7β-[3′-ethyl crotonoloxy]-notonipetranome are obtained from butterbur flowerEsters (14-acetoxy-7β-3′-ethylbutyryloxy]-1α-[2′-methylbutyryloxy]-nonylbenzophenone), methylbutyryl 3,14-Z-Dehydrocolzaein ester (7β-[3′-ethyl-crotonyloxy]-lα-[2′-methylbutyryloxy]-3,14-dehydro-Z-motomipetranone) and the like.
Leaves with bitter salty red 2.63%, saponin, choline, sitosterol, tartaric acid, gallic acid, malic acid, inulin, carotene, vitamin C, fermented matter, trace volatile oil and slime.
In addition, it contains polysaccharides.